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The right to health

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> Part of a series of the Human Rights Programme of the CETIM, 64 p., 2006

At first glance, it might seem misplaced to speak of health as a right when ever increasing segments of the world’s population are witnessing a steady degradation in the state of their health, to the point where their very existence is threatened. Further, most of the world’s disease - like most of its death - results from the non-satisfaction of basic needs, the lack of, or the non-access to, sanitation, potable water and food being surely the greatest and most pressing.

The development of public health in the nineteenth century in Europe and the United States shows that the most significant interventions for the improvement of the health of populations do not involve health services per se. Rather, the realization of the right to health is dependent on the realization of economic, social and cultural rights: foodn, housing, hygiene, proper work condi­tions, the exercise of various freedoms, in particular those associated with trade unions, etc. It is also directly related to peace and security. In other words, the preservation and promotion of health imply more than just access to medical care and medicines.

Today, the situation is dramatically worse. It is indisputable that the recognition of the right to health, such as it is expressed in international instru­ments, is not enough for its realization The affirmation of health as a human right and the definition of its relation to other human rights are essential to cla­rify the obligations of those variously involved in its realization.

This brochure is divided into three parts :

  • the right to health, a recognized right
  • the right to health, an interdependent an indissociable right
  • the implementation of the right to health

Download and read this publication

document de référence rédigé le : 1 September 2006

date of on-line publication : 19 January 2007

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